Tanabata is a coincidence, this festival originated in the Han Dynasty, and the "Xijing Miscellanies" of Ge Hong in the Eastern Jin Dynasty has the record of "Han Cai females wear seven-hole needles on the 7th of July to open the building, and everyone learns". This is our The earliest records of well-being seen in ancient literature. Later in the Tang and Song poetry, women's well-being was also repeatedly mentioned. In the Tang Dynasty, Wang Jian had a poem saying that "the stars are adorned with pearls and the Qixi Palace is very busy." According to the "Kaiyuan Tianbao Relics": Tang Taizong and Xunzi at the Qing Dynasty night banquet in the Qing Dynasty, the palace ladies are well-behaved, this custom is also enduring in the folk, continued from generation to generation.
On the occasion of the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the Qixi coincidence was quite grand, and there was also a market in Beijing that specializes in succinct items. Song Luoxuan and Jin Ying's "Drunkard Talks" said: "The Tanabata, Panlou before and after the sale of. Since July 1st, the horses and horses choked, to the third day of the seventh day of the seventh eve, the horses and horses are not passable, the same time No, I can't find it until the night." Here, from the hustle and bustle of the Qiqiao City, you can infer the lively scene of the Tanabata Festival. People started to install smart items from the first day of July. The city was bustling with traffic and people. When it was near the Tanabata, the city of Qiqiao was a sea of people. It was difficult to see the customs. For the most grand festival, the Spring Festival, it is one of the most popular festivals of the ancients.
Legend about the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl
The Qixi Festival is always connected with the legend of the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl. This is a very beautiful, love story that has been passed down through the ages and has become one of the four major folk love legends in China.
According to legend, a long time ago, Nanyang City West Niujiazhuang was a smart. The loyal young man, his parents died early, had to follow his brother’s nephew, and the nephew Markov was poisoned. He often abused him and forced him to do a lot of work. In the fall of the year, the blind man forced him to release the cow and give him nine cows. Let him wait for ten cows to go home, and the cowherd had no choice but to catch the cow out of the village.
The cowherd rushed the cow alone into the mountain. On the hills with deep grass and dense forests, he sat under the tree and was sad. He didn’t know when he could drive ten cows home. At this time, an old man who had to be white appeared. In front of him, he asked him why he was sad. When he learned of his experience, he smiled and said to him: "Don't be sad. There is a sick old cow in Funiu Mountain. You should feed it well, wait for the old cow to get sick. In the future, you can drive it home.
The cowherd climbed over the mountains and walked a long way. He finally found the sick old cow. When he saw that the old cow was very ill, he went to the old cow to bring a bundle of grass and fed it for three days. When the old cow was full, he raised his head and told him that he was the gray ox in the sky. He was smashed by the sky and broke his leg and could not move. Your own injury needs to be washed with a hundred flowers of dew for a month. The cowherd is not afraid of hard work. Carefully take care of the old cow for one month. During the day, the old cows pick flowers and receive dew treatment. At night, they sleep in the old age to sleep, to the old cattle disease. Well, the Cowherd happily rushed back home with ten cows.
After returning home, the nephew was still not good for him. He had to harm him several times. He was managed to save by the old cow. The nephew finally became angry and drove the cowherd out of the house. The cowherd would follow the old cow.
One day, the weavers and the fairies of the heavens played games together, bathed in the river, and the cowherd met the weaver girl with the help of the old cows. The two of them exchanged affection. Later, the weavers secretly went down to the world and became the wife of the cowherd. . The Weaver Girl also gave the silkworms from the sky to everyone, and taught everyone to raise silkworms, silk, and weave silky and bright satin.
After the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl got married, the men and women were weaving, and they were very affectionate. They gave birth to a man, a woman and two children. The family lived happily. However, the good times did not last long. This matter quickly made the Emperor know that the Queen Mother had personally brought her down and forced the Weaver Girl back to heaven, and the loving couple was dismantled.
The Cowherd has no way to go to heaven, or the old cow tells the Cowherd. After it dies, you can use its skin to make shoes, and you can wear it when you wear it. In accordance with the words of the old cow, the cowherd wears shoes made of cowhide, pulls his own children, and goes to the sky to chase the weavers together. Seeing that it is going to catch up, I know that the mother-in-law’s smashing the golden scorpion on her head is a choppy The Tianhe River appeared, and the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl were separated on both sides of the strait. They could only cry and cry. Their loyalty and love affected the magpies, and they only liked to fly and build a bridge to let the Cowherd and the Weavers walk on the bridge. The Queen Mother had no choice but to allow the two to meet at the bridge on July 7 each year.
Later, on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month, it was said that the girls would come to the front of the flower, look up at the stars, look for the Altair and the Vega on both sides of the Milky Way, hoping to see their annual meeting. I beg God to make myself as ingenious as the Weaver Girl, and pray that I can have a happy marriage that is satisfactory, thus forming the Qixi Festival.